Top-Level Domain Example & Country Domain Extensions 2022

A top-level domain (TLD) is the suffix or extension tied to a website. Around half of all websites use the top-level domain com, commonly called “dot” com. Other common TLDs include net, org, and edu.

Top Level Domain Example Country Domain Extensions 2021

There are over 1,000 TLDs, but most people are only familiar with the most common ones. This is because the mass majority of TLDs are used by less than 0.1% of all websites.

There are different classifications of TLDs. For instance, some are tied to countries such as ru (for Russia). Region-related extensions are classified as country code top-level domains (ccTLDs). Some TLDs are indicators of a website’s content such as .casino or .apartments. The nonprofit, ICANN, regulates which new TLDs are added to the market.

The main text of a website plus its top-level domain is the root domain. Google.com is an example of a root domain. Root domains are a website’s top-level of hierarchy. So, subdomains (like images.google.com) and sections of a website (like google.com/about) are all entities within the root domain.

For example, in the internet address: https://www.google.com, the “.com” portion is the TLD.

TLDs are mainly classified into two categories: generic TLDs and country-specific TLDs.

What is Top-Level Domain Name

Examples of some of the popular TLDs include:

.com

.org

.net

.gov

.biz

.edu.

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), is the entity that coordinates domains and IP addresses for the internet.

Historically, TLDs represented the purpose and type of domain or the geographical area from which it originated. ICANN has generally been very strict about opening up new TLDs, but in 2010, it decided to allow the creation of numerous new generic TLDs as well as TLDs for company-specific trademarks.

Top-level domains are also known as domain suffixes.

There Are Three Different “Types” of TLDs
Up until this point, we’ve been referring to TLDs as a single unified category. However, there are actually three types of TLDs, as assigned by the IANA/ICANN.

The IANA officially recognizes these three types of TLDs:

gTLD – Generic Top-Level Domains
sTLD – Sponsored Top-Level Domains
ccTLD – Country Code Top-Level Domains
In the past, the selection of TLDs was much more limited. But thanks to some recent changes in policy, there are now well over a thousand TLDs to choose from across these three core groups, with the vast majority fitting into the gTLD category.

  1. gTLD – Generic Top-Level Domains

The gTLD category contains all the most recognizable TLDs. That is, this is the category with common options like:
.com
.org
.net
Beyond these well-known names, you’ll also find other fairly popular generic options like:

.xyz
.biz
.info
While these generic domains are supposed to be loosely tied to the purpose of a website – for example, .org is for organizations – anyone can register most of these domain names.

Around ~2011, ICANN opened the door for companies and organizations to register their own gTLDs, which greatly expanded the list of gTLDs and explains why we now also have gTLDs like:

.oldnavy
.google
.oracle
.mitsubishi
In addition to registering gTLDs for business names, organizations also registered more “generic” niche gTLDs like:

.mom
.money
.motorcycles
.realestate
.republican
.democrat

And you’ll also find gTLDs for specific geographic areas. These are sometimes called GeoTLDs, though they’re really just a subset of gTLDs. Examples here are:

.nyc – only available to residents of New York City
.paris
.berlin
.istanbul

2. sTLD – Sponsored Top-Level Domains

The sTLD group contains TLDs that are sponsored by a specific entity, which could be a business, government, or other groups.

Some of the most common examples here are:

.gov – for use by the US government.
.edu – for post-secondary institutions that are accredited by the US Department of Education.
.mil – for use by the US military.
However, you’ll also find smaller sTLDs like:

museum – reserved for museums.
.jobs – reserved for human resource managers and sponsored by the Society for Human Resource Management.
.post – sponsored by the Universal Postal Union.
.travel – reserved for travel agencies and similar businesses.

3. ccTLD – Country Code Top-Level Domains

ccTLDs are top-level domains that represent specific countries. A partial list of common examples is:
.us – USA
.uk – United Kingdom
.eu – European Union
.de – Germany
.fr – France
.cn – China
.es – Spain
.ru – Russia
.ca – Canada
.nl – Netherlands
.in – India
.ch – Switzerland
.jp – Japan
.cn – China
.br – Brazil
.id – Indonesia
.vn – Vietnam
In total, there are ~312 different ccTLDs. Some enforce residency restrictions in order to purchase a domain in that area, while others are public and can be purchased by people from anywhere in the world.

This latter fact has led to the “off-label” use for some attractive ccTLDs. For example, the .io TLD is especially popular with tech companies and startups. However, despite the tech-sounding name, .io is actually a ccTLD assigned to the British Indian Ocean Territory.

Country Domain Extensions

Country / state / territoryCountry code top-level domain (ccTLD)
Abu Dhabi (not a country, but a state (an emirate) within the United Arab Emirates).abudhabi / .ae
Afghanistan.af
Åland.ax
Albania.al
Algeria.dz (stands for الجزائر‎ or, in the Latin alphabet, al-Jazā’ir, pronounced as Al Dzayer)
American Samoa.as
Andorra.ad
Angola.ao
Anguilla.ai
Antarctica.aq (stands for Antarctique)
Antigua and Barbuda.ag
Argentina.ar
Armenia.am
Aruba.aw (stands for Aruba West Indies)
Ascension Island.ac
Australia.au
Austria.at
Azerbaijan.az
Bahamas.bs
Bahrain.bh
Bangladesh.bd
Barbados.bb
Basque Country.eus (stands for Euskadi)
Belarus.by (stands for Byelorussia)
Belgium.be
Belize.bz
Benin.bj
Bermuda.bm
Bhutan.bt
Bolivia.bo
Bonaire.bq (not in use yet) / .an (stands for Netherlands Antilles) / .nl (stands for Netherlands)
Bosnia and Herzegovina.ba
Botswana.bw
Bouvet Island.bv
Brazil.br
British Indian Ocean Territory.io
British Virgin Islands.vg
Brunei.bn
Bulgaria.bg
Burkina Faso.bf
Burma (officially: Myanmar).mm
Burundi.bi
Cambodia.kh (stands for Khmer)
Cameroon.cm
Canada.ca
Cape Verde (in Portuguese: Cabo Verde).cv
Catalonia.cat
Cayman Islands.ky
Central African Republic.cf
Chad.td (stands for Tchad)
Chile.cl
China, People’s Republic of.cn
Christmas Island.cx
Cocos (Keeling) Islands.cc
Colombia.co
Comoros.km (stands for Komori)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Congo-Kinshasa).cd
Congo, Republic of the (Congo-Brazzaville).cg
Cook Islands.ck
Costa Rica.cr
Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast).ci
Croatia.hr (stands for Hrvatska)
Cuba.cu
Curaçao.cw
Cyprus.cy
Cyprus, North (unrecognised, self-declared state).nc.tr (stands for North Cyprus Turkey)
Czechia (Czech Republic).cz
Denmark.dk
Djibouti.dj
Dominica.dm
Dominican Republic.do
Dubai (not a country, but a state (an emirate) within the United Arab Emirates).ae
East Timor (Timor-Leste).tl (stands for Timor-Leste) / .tp (the old country code that is still in use and which stands for Timor Português)
Ecuador.ec
Egypt.eg
El Salvador.sv
England.uk
Equatorial Guinea.gq (stands for Guinée équatoriale)
Eritrea.er (inactive code)
Estonia.ee (stands for Eesti)
Ethiopia.et
European Union.eu
Faeroe Islands.fo (stands for Føroyar)
Falkland Islands.fk
Fiji.fj
Finland.fi
France.fr
French Guiana (French overseas department).gf (stands for Guyane française)
French Polynesia (French overseas collectivity).pf (stands for Polynésie française)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands.tf (stands for Terres australes et antarctiques françaises)
Gabon (officially: Gabonese Republic).ga
Galicia.gal
Gambia.gm
Gaza Strip (Gaza).ps (stands for Palestine)
Georgia.ge
Germany.de (stands for Deutschland)
Ghana.gh
Gibraltar.gi
Great Britain (GB).uk (.gb has fallen into disuse)
Greece.gr
Greenland.gl
Grenada.gd
Guadeloupe (French overseas department).gp
Guam.gu
Guatemala.gt
Guernsey.gg
Guinea.gn
Guinea-Bissau.gw
Guyana.gy
Haiti.ht
Heard Island and McDonald Islands.hm
Holland (officially: the Netherlands).nl
Honduras.hn
Hong Kong.hk
Hungary.hu
Iceland.is (stands for Ísland)
India.in
Indonesia.id
Iran.ir
Iraq.iq
Ireland.ie
Ireland, Northern.uk
Isle of Man.im
Israel.il
Italy.it
Jamaica.jm
Japan.jp
Jersey.je
Jordan.jo
Kazakhstan.kz
Kenya.ke
Kiribati.ki
Korea, North.kp (stands for Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)
Korea, South.kr
Kosovonot assigned yet (in the meantime the Albanian TLD .al is used)
Kuwait.kw
Kyrgyzstan.kg
Laos.la
Latvia.lv
Lebanon.lb
Lesotho.ls
Liberia.lr
Libya.ly
Liechtenstein.li
Lithuania.lt
Luxembourg.lu
Macau.mo (stands for Macao)
Macedonia, North.mk (stands for Македонија or, in the Latin alphabet, Makedonija)
Madagascar.mg
Malawi.mw
Malaysia.my
Maldives.mv
Mali.ml
Malta.mt
Marshall Islands.mh
Martinique (French overseas department).mq
Mauritania.mr
Mauritius.mu
Mayotte (French overseas department).yt
Mexico.mx
Micronesia (officially: Federated States of Micronesia).fm
Moldova.md
Monaco.mc
Mongolia.mn
Montenegro.me
Montserrat.ms
Morocco.ma (stands for Maroc)
Mozambique.mz
Myanmar.mm
Namibia.na
Nauru.nr
Nepal.np
Netherlands.nl
New Caledonia (French overseas collectivity).nc
New Zealand.nz
Nicaragua.ni
Niger.ne
Nigeria.ng
Niue.nu
Norfolk Island.nf
North Cyprus (unrecognised, self-declared state).nc.tr (stands for North Cyprus Turkey)
North Korea.kp (stands for Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)
North Macedonia.mk (stands for Македонија or, in the Latin alphabet, Makedonija)
Northern Ireland.uk
Northern Mariana Islands.mp
Norway.no
Oman.om
Pakistan.pk
Palau.pw (stands for Pelew)
Palestine.ps
Panama.pa
Papua New Guinea.pg
Paraguay.py
Peru.pe
Philippines.ph
Pitcairn Islands.pn
Poland.pl
Portugal.pt
Puerto Rico.pr
Qatar.qa
Réunion (French overseas department).re
Romania.ro
Russia.ru
Rwanda.rw
Saba.bq (not in use yet) / .an (stands for Netherlands Antilles)
Saint Barthélemy (French overseas collectivity, informally also referred to as Saint Barth’s or Saint Barts).bl (not in use yet) / .gp (stands for Guadeloupe) / .fr (stands for France)
Saint Helena.sh
Saint Kitts and Nevis.kn
Saint Lucia.lc
Saint Martin (French overseas collectivity).mf (not in use yet) / .gp (stands for Guadeloupe) / .fr (stands for France)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.vc
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (French overseas collectivity).pm
Samoa.ws (stands for Western Samoa, the former name of Samoa)
San Marino.sm
São Tomé and Príncipe.st
Saudi Arabia.sa
Scotland.uk
Senegal.sn
Serbia.rs (stands for Република Србија or, in the Latin alphabet, Republika Srbija)
Seychelles.sc
Sierra Leone.sl
Singapore.sg
Sint Eustatius.bq (not in use yet) / .an (stands for Netherlands Antilles) / .nl (stands for Netherlands)
Sint Maarten.sx / .an (stands for Netherlands Antilles)
Slovakia.sk
Slovenia.si
Solomon Islands.sb (stands for British Solomon Islands)
Somalia.so
Somaliland (unrecognised, self-declared state).so
South Africa.za (stands for Zuid-Afrika)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.gs
South Korea.kr
South Sudan.ss
Spain.es (stands for España)
Sri Lanka.lk
Sudan.sd
Suriname (Surinam).sr
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands.sj
Swaziland.sz
Sweden.se
Switzerland.ch
Syria.sy
Tahiti (the largest island in French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France).pf (stands for Polynésie française)
Taiwan.tw
Tajikistan.tj
Tanzania.tz
Thailand.th
Togo.tg
Tokelau.tk
Tonga.to
Trinidad and Tobago.tt
Tunisia.tn
Turkey.tr
Turkmenistan.tm
Turks and Caicos Islands.tc
Tuvalu.tv
Uganda.ug
Ukraine.ua (stands for Україна, or, in the Latin alphabet, Ukraina)
United Arab Emirates (UAE).ae
United Kingdom (UK).uk
United States of America (USA).us
United States Virgin Islands.vi
Uruguay.uy
Uzbekistan.uz
Vanuatu.vu
Vatican City.va
Venezuela.ve
Vietnam.vn
Wales.uk
Wallis and Futuna (French overseas collectivity).wf
West Bank.ps (stands for Palestine)
Western Sahara.eh (not in use; instead .ma is used)
Yemen.ye
Zambia.zm
Zimbabwe.zw

Who’s Responsible for Managing TLDs?

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is an internationally organized, non-profit corporation that has responsibility for Internet Protocol (IP) address space allocation, protocol identifier assignment, generic (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) Top-Level Domain name system management, and root …

Which organisation is responsible for assigning different top-level domain names?

ICANN – short for the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers – is a non-profit organization that’s responsible for managing the TLDs via the IANA – short for Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

That is, the IANA is a division of ICANN.

Additionally, ICANN/IANA delegate responsibility for some TLDs to other organizations.

Conclusion to Top Level Domain Names

In the listed all country domain extensions and top level domain names, .com is the most popular and choosed one with ultimate high ranking and obsession towards selecting it.

Hope you have definitely like the way we represent everything to you regarding top level domain names and country domain extensions plus which organisation is responsible for assigning the top level domain names.

Don’t forget to share the post with your technical friend who is eagerly searching out for this kind of information.

Thank you 🙂

Top Level Domain Example Country Domain Extensions 2021
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